Guaranteeing "certainty" (for governments, business development, society, etc.) is oft en the goal of state land rights settlements with Indigenous peoples in Canada. Certainty is also often seen as an unequivocally desirable and positive state of aff airs. Th is paper explores how certainty and uncertainty intersect with the challenges of decolonization in North America. I explore how settler certainty and entitlement to Indigenous land has been constructed in past colonial and current national laws, land policies, and ideologies. Th en, drawing on data from fi eldwork among activists against land rights, I argue that their deep anger about their uncertainty regarding land and their futures helps to reveal how certainty and entitlement underpin "settler states of feeling" (Rifk in). If one persistent characteristic of settler colonialism is settler certainty and entitlement, then decolonization, both for settlers and for jurisprudence, may therefore mean embracing uncertainty. I conclude by discussing the relationship between certainty, uncertainty, and decolonization.

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Keywords certainty, colonialism, decolonize, Indigenous, settler states of feeling
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Journal Canadian Journal of Law and Society
Mackey, E. (2014). Unsettling expectations: (un)certainty, settler states of feeling, law, and decolonization. Canadian Journal of Law and Society, 29(2), 235–252. doi:10.1017/cls.2014.10