Following exposure to inescapable shock, mice exhibit deficits of escape performance, which are progressively more pronounced as training continues. Comparable effects were produced by DA and NE depletion by α-MpT and reserpine, NE depletion by FLA-63, and DA receptor blockade through haloperidol. Treatment with PCPA or 5-HTP did not influence performance. The disruptive effects of reserpine and α-MpT, as well as haloperidol and FLA-63, were additive. Unexpectedly, mice that received both reserpine and FLA-63 exhibited escape latencies that were significantly lower than those of mice that received either treatment alone. Consistent with the view that increased DA synthesis in the reserpine plus FLA-63 condition prevented the escape interference, L-DOPA antagonized the effects of both α-MpT and FLA-63. The results suggest that DA and NE act in a serial fashion to produce the escape deficits. Moreover, although both newly synthesized and previously stored amines contribute to the interference, the short latency responses seen during initial test trials could not be ascribed to previously stored amines.

, , , , , , ,
Department of Psychology

Anisman, H, Irwin, J. (Jill), & Sklar, L.S. (Lawrence S.). (1979). Deficits of escape performance following catecholamine depletion: Implications for behavioral deficits induced by uncontrollable stress. Psychopharmacologia, 64(2), 163–170. doi:10.1007/BF00496057