High resolution terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) within the Simud Hitam Cave, Gomantong, has proven successful at discriminating the nests of black-nest swiftlets from roosting bats in high, inaccessible locations. TLS data were imported into ArcGIS software, allowing for semi-automated counting of nests based on resolved geometry and laser return intensity. Nest resolution and counting accuracy was better than 2%. Spatial analysis of nest locations has established a maximum packing density of 268 nests/m2 in optimum locations, which correspond to roof slopes of >20 degrees. Co-occurring Rhinolophid bats roost adjacent to, but not within nest locations, preferring roof surfaces close to horizontal.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Bats, Borneo, Geomorphology, Karst, Swiftlets, Terrestrial laser scanning
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.5038/1827-806X.44.2.8
Journal International Journal of Speleology
McFarlane, D.A. (Donald A.), Roberts, W. (Warren), Buchroithner, M. (Manfred), Van Rentergem, G. (Guy), Lundberg, J, & Hautz, S. (Stefan). (2015). Terrestrial liDAR-based automated counting of swiftlet nests in the caves of gomantong, Sabah, Borneo. International Journal of Speleology, 44(2). doi:10.5038/1827-806X.44.2.8