Prior to the 1970s, most Torontonians viewed their city as one untroubled by racial turmoil. Exclusionary immigration policies had ensured that only relatively small numbers of non-whites permitted the privilege of entering Canada and settling in its city to take up low-wage and relatively menial jobs. While racism formed an integral part of the experience and politics of Toronto's small Black community, it was not a sufficiently large-scale or explosive issue to enter into the political discourse and agenda of municipal government.

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Journal Ethnic and Racial Studies
Stasiulis, D. (1989). Minority resistance in the local state: Toronto in the 1970s and 1980s. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 12(1), 63–83. doi:10.1080/01419870.1989.9993623