Prior to the 1970s, most Torontonians viewed their city as one untroubled by racial turmoil. Exclusionary immigration policies had ensured that only relatively small numbers of non-whites permitted the privilege of entering Canada and settling in its city to take up low-wage and relatively menial jobs. While racism formed an integral part of the experience and politics of Toronto's small Black community, it was not a sufficiently large-scale or explosive issue to enter into the political discourse and agenda of municipal government.