Abandoning land in search of farms: challenges of subsistence migrant farming in Ghana
Migration remains an important strategy for livelihood security in sub-Saharan Africa. Like other parts of the region, migrant flows within Ghana have historically been directed towards urban, mineral, and plantation economies. This study, however, examines a new pattern of migration related to rural livelihood that has intensified in recent decades largely in response to mounting environmental pressures and worsening poverty. Using in-depth interviews and focused group discussions and drawing on perspectives from the livelihood approach and political ecology, this paper examines the challenges confronting farmers who flee poverty and environmental pressures in Ghana’s Upper West Region and migrate to the agriculture-rich area of Brong Ahafo Region to farm for subsistence. The study revealed that migrant farmers’ acute lack of social assets and agrarian resources in these remote enclaves not only hampered their productivity but also subjected them to exploitative and exclusionary practices in these remote, host communities. The study contributes to the understanding of social of realities migrant farming as an emerging safety valve for the rural poor and makes relevant policy recommendations.
|Keywords||Ghana, Livelihood, Migrant farming, Political ecology, Poverty|
|Journal||Agriculture and Human Values|
Kuuire, V.Z. (Vincent Z.), Mkandawire, P, Luginaah, I. (Isaac), & Arku, G. (Godwin). (2016). Abandoning land in search of farms: challenges of subsistence migrant farming in Ghana. Agriculture and Human Values, 33(2), 475–488. doi:10.1007/s10460-015-9612-0