Current research depicts suburbs as becoming more heterogeneous in terms of socio-economic status. Providing a novel analysis, this paper engages with that research by operationalising suburban ways of living (homeownership, single-family dwelling occupancy and automobile use) and relating them to the geography of income across 26 Canadian metropolitan areas. We find that suburban ways of living exist in new areas and remain associated with higher incomes even as older suburbs, as places, have become more diverse. In the largest cities the relationship between income and suburban ways of living is weaker due to the growth of condominiums in downtowns that allow higher income earners to live urban lifestyles. Homeownership is overwhelmingly more important than other variables in explaining the geography of income across 26 metropolitan areas.

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Keywords geography of income, income, suburban ways of living, suburbanisms, suburbs
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Journal Urban Studies

This article was published in Urban Studies August 2015 vol. 52 no. 10 1864-1882, DOI 10.1177/0042098014538679. © Urban Studies Journal Limited 2014. Reprints and permissions:

Moos, M. (Markus), & Mendez, P. (2015). Suburban ways of living and the geography of income: How homeownership, single-family dwellings and automobile use define the metropolitan social space. Urban Studies, 52(10), 1864–1882. doi:10.1177/0042098014538679