Wood frogs survive extracellular freezing at moderate subzero temperatures (-4°C) for at least 11 days. Freezing survival is aided by the accumulation of high concentrations of glucose as a cryoprotectant in blood and tissues. Glucose production was accompanied by a rapid decline in liver, but not muscle, glycogen levels suggesting that liver is the organ controlling cryoprotectant synthesis.

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Department of Biology

Storey, K. (1984). Freeze tolerance in the frog, Rana sylvatica. Experientia, 40(11), 1261–1262. doi:10.1007/BF01946664