Zanthoxylum lemairei is widely used in African folk medicine for its pharmacological relevance. Chemical investigation of the ethanol extract from the leaves of this plant lead to the isolation of two new tetraflavonoids, lemairones A (1) and B (2), along with three known compounds, lupeol, sitosterol, and sitosterol 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside. The antibacterial screening of the leaves of this plant, characterization of compounds 1 and 2, and their antibacterial activity are reported for the first time. The isolation of the compounds was performed using different chromatographic methods while their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic techniques including MS and NMR, and by comparison of data with those of similar flavonoids reported in the literature. The isolated compounds and the crude extract were tested against ten Gram negative multi-resistance bacterial strains including clinical isolates using a broth dilution method. The crude ethanol extract showed weak activity against the tested bacteria strains with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranging from 512 to 1024 μg/mL. Among the isolated metabolites, only the new tetraflavonoids were tested. Lemairone A displayed weak activity while lemairone B had moderate activity against the resistant Escherichia coli AG100 with MIC values of 128 μg/mL and 64 μg/mL respectively. In addition, both molecules displayed weak activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae KP55 (MIC 128 μg/mL).

Additional Metadata
Keywords Antibacterial, Lemairones, Tetraflavonoids, Zanthoxylum lemairei
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytol.2015.08.012
Journal Phytochemistry Letters
Citation
Bitchagno, G.T.M. (Gabin Thierry M.), Tankeo, S.B. (Simplice B.), Tsopmo, A, Mpetga, J.D.S. (James D. Simo), Tchinda, A.T. (Alembert T.), Fobofou, S.A.T. (Serge Alain T.), … Tane, P. (Pierre). (2015). Lemairones A and B: Two new antibacterial tetraflavonoids from the leaves of Zanthoxylum lemairei (Rutaceae). Phytochemistry Letters (Vol. 14, pp. 1–7). doi:10.1016/j.phytol.2015.08.012