Whereas the majority of Muslims in Canada are Sunnis, there are substantial Shi'i communities of Isma'ilis and Ithna Ash'aris in almost all major centers. Although the current Canadian Muslim population comes from around the world, the bulk is of South Asian and Arab descent. Virtually all Canadian universities and many high schools have associations of Muslim students. There are many other Muslim associations that have a religious or ethnic focus, some of which have been in existence for decades and others that are transitory. The proliferation of associations indicates that there is no monolithic voice that speaks for all Muslims; different issues are championed by specific organizations, as is made evident in this chapter. Whereas embassy officials from Muslimmajority countries interact with sections of the local community, the heterogeneity of organizations in the Canadian ummah tends to limit their influence.

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Keywords Associations, Canada, Isma'ilis, Ithna ash'aris, Muslims, Shi'i, Sunnis, Ummah
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148053.003.0018
Karim, K. (2011). Crescent Dawn in the Great White North: Muslim Participation in the Canadian Public Sphere. In Muslims in the West: From Sojourners to Citizens. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148053.003.0018