We consider the problem of constructing virtual path layouts for an ATM network consisting of a complete networkKn of n processors in which a certain number of links may fail. Our main goal is to construct layouts which tolerate any configuration of up to f layouts and have a least possible congestion. First, we study the minimal congestion of 1- hop f-tolerant layouts in Kn. For any positive integer f we give upper and lower bounds on this minimal congestion and construct f-tolerant layouts with congestion corresponding to the upper bounds. Our results are based on a precise analysis of the diameter of the network Kn[F] which results from Kn by deleting links from a set F of bounded size. Next we study the minimal congestion of h-hop f-tolerant layouts in Kn, for larger values of the number h of hops. We give upper and lower bounds on the order of magnitude of this congestion, based on results for 1-hop layouts. Finally, we consider a random, rather than worst case, fault distribution. Links fail independently with constant probability p < 1. Our goal now is to construct layouts with low congestion that tolerate the existing faults with high probability. For any p < 1, we show such layouts in Kn, with congestion O(log n).

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Gasieniec, L. (Leszek), Kranakis, E, Krizanc, D. (Danny), & Pelc, A. (Andrzej). (1996). Minimizing congestion of layouts for ATM networks with faulty links.