A precise definition of the turbulent boundary layer excitation is required to accurately predict the sound radiation and surface vibration levels, produced by an aircraft panel excited turbulent flow during flight. Hence, any existing inaccuracy on turbulent boundary layer excitation models leads to an inaccurate prediction of the panel response. A number of empirical models have been developed over the years to provide the turbulent boundary layer wall pressure spectral density. However, different empirical models provide dissimilar predictions for the wall pressure spectral density. The objective of the present study is to investigate and quantify the impact of the chosen empirical model on the predicted radiated sound power, and on the predicted panel surface acceleration levels. This study provides a novel approach and a detailed analysis on the use of different turbulent boundary layer wall pressure empirical models, and impact on mathematical predictions. Closed-form mathematical relationships are developed, and recommendations are provided for the level of deviation and uncertainty associated to different models, in relation to a baseline model, both for panel surface acceleration and radiated sound power.

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Keywords Aircraft panels, Sound power radiation, Turbulent boundary layer empirical models, Turbulent flow induced noise
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2016.03.026
Journal Journal of Sound and Vibration
Rocha, J. (2016). Impact of the chosen turbulent flow empirical model on the prediction of sound radiation and vibration by aircraft panels. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 373, 285–301. doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2016.03.026