Wideband spectrum sensing is a significant challenge in cognitive radios (CRs) due to requiring very high-speed analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), operating at or above the Nyquist rate. Here, we propose a very low-complexity zero-block detection scheme that can detect a large fraction of spectrum holes from the sub-Nyquist samples, even when the undersampling ratio is very small. The scheme is based on a block sparse sensing matrix, which is implemented through the design of a novel analog- to-information converter (AIC). The proposed scheme identifies some measurements as being zero and then verifies the sub-channels associated with them as being vacant. Analytical and simulation results are presented that demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method in reliable detection of spectrum holes with complexity much lower than existing schemes. This work also introduces a new paradigm in compressed sensing where one is interested in reliable detection of (some of the) zero blocks rather than the recovery of the whole block sparse signal.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Block sparse signals, Cognitive radios, Compressed sensing, Wideband spectrum sensing
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOM.2014.7417132
Conference 58th IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2015
Citation
Zeinalkhani, Z. (Zeinab), & Banihashemi, A. (2015). Ultra low-complexity detection of spectrum holes in compressed wideband spectrum sensing. Presented at the 58th IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2015. doi:10.1109/GLOCOM.2014.7417132