In an increasingly knowledge-based economy, Canadian universities are important spaces for the development of research and innovation in many areas. This collection is the first systematic examination of the evolving relationship between the federal government and Canadian universities as revealed through changes in federal research and innovation policies. Focusing on the last two decades of federal policy under the Chretien and Martin Liberal governments and the Harper Conservative government, Research and Innovation Policy considers issues such as the transformation of federal research granting bodies, the creation of new research infrastructure funding organizations such as the Canada Foundation for Innovation, pressures and incentives to create intellectual property and to commercialize, and the regulation of research ethics. With timely essays ranging in scope from the regulation of research ethics to the pressures of commercialization, Research and Innovation Policy is essential reading for any student or scholar committed to the well-being of higher education in Canada.