The global response to managing the spread of HIV has recently undergone a significant shift with the advent of ‘treatment as prevention’, a strategy which presumes that scaling-up testing and treatment for people living with HIV will produce a broader preventative benefit. Treatment as prevention includes an array of diagnostic, technological and policy developments that are creating new understandings of how HIV circulates in bodies and spaces. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault, we contextualize these developments by linking them to systems of governance and discursive subjectivation. The goal of this article is to problematize the growing importance of viral suppression in the management of HIV and the use of related surveillance technologies. For people living with HIV, we demonstrate how treatment-as-prevention’s emphasis on individual and collective viral load is transforming the performative dimensions of embodied risk, affect, subjectivity and sex.

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Keywords affect, Foucault, governmentality, HIV, mapping, surveillance, viral load
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Journal Body and Society
Guta, A. (Adrian), Murray, S.J, & Gagnon, M. (Marilou). (2016). HIV, Viral Suppression and New Technologies of Surveillance and Control. Body and Society, 22(2), 82–107. doi:10.1177/1357034X15624510