For decades, researchers have noted the importance of understanding how individual differences influence health and well-being. Toward this end, studies have consistently supported the role of personality variables, such as traits, motives, and goals, as informative for predicting current and future health outcomes. While initial work along this front focused solely on the "direct effects" of personality dispositions on health, more recent work has focused on understanding the pathways by which this influence occurs, as well as the extent to which personality effects get "under the skin" and predict physiological markers. Given the changing contexts and behaviors that influence health, as well as the developmental specificity of certain disorders and illnesses, research on personality and health cannot operate without acknowledgment of the aging process. In other words, researchers must actively consider the effects of personality on health through the lens of lifespan developmental theories.

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Keywords Aging, Health, Healthy living, Personality, Personality traits
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-411469-2.00011-X
Citation
Hill, P.L, & Roberts, B.W. (Brent W.). (2015). Personality and Health: Reviewing Recent Research and Setting a Directive for the Future. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-411469-2.00011-X