The current paper aims to review recent trends (2011 to 2015) in newly developed plasma-sprayed and sintered coatings for implant applications. Recent developments in plasma-sprayed and sintered coatings have focused on improving biological performance, bacterial growth resistance, and mechanical properties, predominantly of HA and glass ceramics. The majority of these improvements are attributed to the addition of dopants. To improve biological performance, trace elements, such as Zn and Mg, both of which are found in bone, were added to replicate the functions they provide for the skeletal system. Though bacterial growth resistance is traditionally improved by Ag dopant, the addition of new dopants such as CeO2 and Zn were explored as well. Great effort has also been made to improve coating adherence and reduce stresses by minimizing coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch between the coating and substrate through the addition of elements such as Zn and Mg or the inclusion of a buffer layer. For sintering process in particular, there was an emphasis on reducing sintering temperature through modification of 45S5 Bioglass. New plasma spray and sintering technologies aimed at reducing high-temperature exposure are briefly introduced as well. These include microplasma spray and spark plasma sintering.

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Keywords bioactive coatings, biocoating, implant coating, plasma-sprayed coating, sintered coating
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Journal Journal of Thermal Spray Technology
Bsat, S. (Suzan), Speirs, A, & Huang, X. (2016). Recent Trends in Newly Developed Plasma-Sprayed and Sintered Coatings for Implant Applications. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology (Vol. 25, pp. 1088–1110). doi:10.1007/s11666-016-0432-6