In the present research, we looked at how positive-constructive daydreaming, guilty-dysphoric daydreaming, and poor attentional control associate with both broad (i.e., openness to experience) and specific (i.e., introspection) personality traits. A second aim was to determine how daydreaming styles were associated with psychological well-being. Across four studies, 1181 undergraduate (studies 1, 2, and 4) and MTurk (study 3) participants completed online questionnaires. A fixed-effect meta-analysis revealed that introspection was a significant predictor of both positive and negative daydreaming styles, but not a consistent predictor of poor attentional control. Positive-constructive daydreaming was more strongly associated with personal growth, purpose in life, and positive affect; guilty-dysphoric daydreaming was associated with depressive symptoms, negative affect, and lower psychological well-being, while poor attentional control was associated with lower positive well-being. Although correlational, these results demonstrate the usefulness of examining the experience and content of recurrent daydreaming and mind-wandering styles to further understand well-being.

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Keywords Daydreaming, Introspection, Mind-wandering, Personality, Well-being
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Journal Consciousness and Cognition
Blouin-Hudon, E.-M.C. (Eve-Marie C.), & Zelenski, J. (2016). The daydreamer: Exploring the personality underpinnings of daydreaming styles and their implications for well-being. Consciousness and Cognition, 44, 114–129. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.07.007