We present a detailed analysis of the propagation dynamics of short and intense circularly polarized pulses in an aligned diatomic gas. Compared to linearly polarized intense pulses, high harmonic generation (HHG) and the coherent generation of attosecond pulses in the intense-circular-polarization case are a new research area. More specifically, we numerically study the propagation of intense and short circularly polarized pulses in the one-electron H2+ molecular gas, using a micro-macro Maxwell-Schrödinger model. In this model, the macroscopic polarization is computed from the solution of a large number of time-dependent Schrödinger equations, the source of dipole moments, and using a trace operator. We focus on the intensity and the phase of harmonics generated in the H2+ gas as a function of the pulse-propagation distance. We show that short coherent circularly polarized pulses of same helicity can be generated in the molecular gas as a result of cooperative phase-matching effects.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.94.013421
Journal Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Citation
Lytova, M., Lorin, E, & Bandrauk, A.D. (2016). Propagation of intense and short circularly polarized pulses in a molecular gas: From multiphoton ionization to nonlinear macroscopic effects. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 94(1). doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.94.013421