This research investigates the critical elements that affect the ability of firms in developing countries to cultivate their technological capability through imported technology. Based on resource-based theory, we propose both internal and external factors contribute to technological capability of the recipient firms. Technology planning and control, market orientation, training and number of technical manpower were the internal factors considered in this study. Government support and national technology infrastructure are the external factors proposed to affect the technological capability of firm. Data collected from Indian and Indonesian manufacturing firms reveals that R&D investment, and availability of technical personnel; the transfer channels; government's involvement; and the firm's learning culture are significant contributors to the technology capability process. Also, the acquisition of mature technology just to boost production capacity or improve product quality contributes very little to the development of technological capability.

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Keywords India, Indonesia, Manufacturing firms, Technological capability
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Journal Technovation
Madanmohan, T.R., Kumar, U, & Kumar, V. (2004). Import-led technological capability: A comparative analysis of Indian and Indonesian manufacturing firms. Technovation, 24(12), 979–993. doi:10.1016/S0166-4972(03)00030-0